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> How do you say 'Hello', in your country?
Antha Immortal
post Oct 16 2006, 04:16 PM
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I hope there wasn't a topic like this before, at least I couldn't find any so far, but if there was one, I still think that it would be great to bring the matter up. smile.gif

You know all the time when I was abroad I had difficulties with how to address people in their own language, I mean I didn't really know which greeting words are proper to use.

So the task of this topic would be: Let's collect all of the words/expressions that you in your own language use to greet someone.

I thought about different categories for different ways of greeting, like:

Formal greeting: what you say to a complete stranger or a person who is, for instance, older than you, or who is above you in status. (for instance your teacher, or an old lady who is the grandmother of your friend, or your boss etc.)

Informal greeting:
what you can say to a person whom you know, yet your relationship is not too close, or to people who are at the same status as you (for instance collagues, classmates, neighbours etc.)

Very informal greeting (even slang expressions are included): what you say to your very-very close friends, or people whom you are very much familiar with

Also, I thought about a different way of categorization which is connected to the time of the day:

In the morning: what do you say as a greeting in the morning, or before noon
Afternoon: What do you say afternoon?
In the evening: What do you say in the evening?

And probably we could collect some words that you use when you part with a person.

So, these are the Hungarian examples:

Formal greetings:
Jó napot kívánok! (used for strangers. Also, j is pronounced as the 'y' in you)
Jó napot! (used for strangers, the most common one)
Üdvözlöm! (not very common, but it can be heard at times)
Csókolom! (used usually for addressing an old lady. It is an old-fashioned expression, but it's very polite. Also, Cs is pronounced as ch in chicken)
Örülök, hogy megismerhetem! (sg like Nice to meet you!, but this is a very formal expression, usually not used among young people. In HUngarian there is always a difference in how children and adults address each other. Children and young people never use formal addressing among themselves, only with older people. Also, 'gy' in 'hogy' is pronounced something like 'd' in during. So it's dy)

Informal greetings:

Szia! (probably the most common one, used also among friends. It is pronounced as 'see-ya')
Sziasztok! (if there are more people whom you are greeting)
Helló! (obvious.. But you usually don't use this as a formal greeting)
Szervusz! (a bit old-fashioned, but you can hear it at times, especially when old people are addressing children.)
Szervusztok! (the same, but only if you address more people)
Szevasz! (a bit old-fashioned too, but it is used quite commonly)

Very informal greetings:

Hi! ( the same as in English)
Szeva! (shortened from Szevasz)
Csá! (nowadays very commonly heard, it's a bit slang-like)
Szió! (from Szia)

In the morning:
Jó reggelt kívánok! (meaning Good morning)
Jó reggelt! (short version)

During the day or afternoon:
Jó napot (kívánok)! (Meaning sg like Have a good day)

In the evening:
Jó estét (kívánok)! (Good evening)

Saying Goodbye:

Viszontlátásra! (formal)
Viszlát! (short version, can be formal or a bit informal)
Informal: can be all the others that were mentioned under informal.

So, it's your turn. wink.gif (Wow, it was a long post, I believe... blush.gif )


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Naveega
post Oct 16 2006, 04:38 PM
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It would be helpful if you could give the translations as well.
For example how do you translate "Jó napot kínavók" into English? I could tell you the German translation or equivalent.
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Antha Immortal
post Oct 16 2006, 06:10 PM
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QUOTE (Naveega @ Oct 16 2006, 04:38 PM)
It would be helpful if you could give the translations as well.
For example how do you translate "Jó napot kínavók" into English? I could tell you the German translation or equivalent.

Well, in some cases I gave translations, but in many cases I couldn't because there isn't really an equivalent in English. Jó napot kívánok means sg like 'I wish you a good day', or 'Have a good day', but it's like Guten Tag in German, for instance. wink.gif

Then, Viszontlátásra means Goodbye, while Viszlát means sg like Bye, but this kind of Bye is not informal enough to be used among children or young people, only among adults.

In the case of the informal greetings all of them mean sg like 'Hi!', (So Szia, Szevasz, Szervusz etc.) so these are several words for expressing the same (or almost the same) thing.

Oh, and 'Üdvözlöm' means sg like Greetings! simply. And I think there isn't a real word in English for Csókolom. thinking.gif

What is interesting, for instance is that we don't have a word like Tschüs! as in German, so there isn't an informal way of saying goodbye. Instead we use the same greetings as those when we meet someone. Youngsters usually don't say Viszlát to each other, because it is too formal to be used among them, so they say only sg like Hello or Szia for Bye.


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Master
post Oct 16 2006, 07:33 PM
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Antha Immortal

Wow! Hangarian! Danke notworthy.gif


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Tyrena
post Oct 16 2006, 08:58 PM
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Polish:

Formal greeting:
Dzień dobry (good morning)

Informal greeting:
Cześć (hello)

Very informal greeting:
Hej (hey)
Sie ma (that's slang, a short version of Jak się masz - how do you do)
Dobry (short of Dzień dobry - good morning)

In the morning: Dzień dobry
Afternoon: still Dzień dobry (we don't have separate greetings for morning and afternoon)
Evening: Dobry wieczór


Saying Goodbye:
During the day: Do widzenia
In the evening: Dobranoc
Informal: Cześć, Na razie

Can't think of any more, Evelyn will probably be able to add something tounge.gif


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Antha Immortal
post Oct 16 2006, 09:08 PM
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Thanks Tyrena! msn_yes.gif I think I am going to send this to one of my friends. She is going to Poland this year to study there in a college and she is now learning Polish. smile.gif Though she has some difficulties with it, because the teacher always cancels the classes. So when I last met her she said she hadn't really learnt anything yet... eyeball.gif


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Tyrena
post Oct 16 2006, 09:12 PM
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Really? Which city is she going to? If she needs any help with her Polish you can always ask me smilesmall.gif


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Burma!

Behind every gifted woman there's often a rather talented cat

To err is human, to purr feline

Cats don't come when they are called, they take the message and get back to you later

Your home is where your cat is

The shortest math joke ever: let epsilon be less than zero...
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Antha Immortal
post Oct 16 2006, 09:17 PM
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QUOTE (Tyrena @ Oct 16 2006, 09:12 PM)
Really? Which city is she going to? If she needs any help with her Polish you can always ask me smilesmall.gif

Thank you, dear. smile.gif hug.gif Maybe I will introduce you to each other so that you can talk. smilehuge.gif But to answer your question, shame on me, but I don't know exactly where she goes, although I remember she told me the place once. blush.gif confusedsmall.gif But I will ask her again when I write her (unfortunately she lives a bit far away from me, so we cannot meet too often sad.gif ) and I will ask how much she has practised her Polish. wink.gif


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Tyrena
post Oct 16 2006, 09:25 PM
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Well, knowing my luck it's probably some city in the south (I live in the north) thinking.gif But you really should introduce us smilehuge.gif


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Burma!

Behind every gifted woman there's often a rather talented cat

To err is human, to purr feline

Cats don't come when they are called, they take the message and get back to you later

Your home is where your cat is

The shortest math joke ever: let epsilon be less than zero...
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queeeeeeen
post Oct 17 2006, 04:11 AM
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hmmm...greetings...

formal: hello!

informal: hello! or hi!

formal and informal are similar, except you'd shake a person's hand if you're going to a job interview or something

very informal: "yo!" "sup?" (shortened form of "what's up?") "hey!"

i don't use those, except for "hey!"

time of day: i just say "mornin!" no matter what time of day it is haha tounge.gif


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master_palin
post Oct 17 2006, 06:17 AM
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Texan:
Formal, informal, slang, etc etc

HOWDY
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Master
post Oct 17 2006, 12:59 PM
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Russian:

Formal greeting:
Доброе утро (good morning)

Informal greeting:
Привет (hello)

Very informal greeting:
Хай (hey)
Здорово

In the morning: Доброе утро
Afternoon: Добрый День
Evening: Добрый Вечер


Saying Goodbye:
During the day: До свидания
In the evening: Доброго Вечера
Informal: Удачи; пока.


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Anna
post Oct 17 2006, 02:51 PM
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German:

Formal: "Guten Tag" or maybe "Grüß Gott" (the latter one is rather a bavarian expression)

Informal: "Hallo"

Very informal: "Hi"

Morning: "Guten Morgen"
Evening: "Guten Abend"
(both rather formal)

Saying goodbye
"Auf Wiedersehen" (formal)
"Tschüs" (rather informal)
"Ciao" (taken from Italian, I think)
"Servus" (again, rather bavarian dialect; can also be used as "hello")

Could be I've forgotten some...
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Borrible
post Oct 17 2006, 04:08 PM
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Norwegian:

Formal: God dag (good day) Hallo (hello)

Informal: Hei, Hallo

Morning: God morgen, Morn (slang)

Afternoon: God etter middag

Evening: God kveld

Saying Goodbye:

Hade bra, Hade ,Farvel,God natt (good night) often shortened to Natta,
Morna (slang), Pĺ gjensyn (see you later).

That's all I remember at the moment tounge.gif


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Grand Moff
post Oct 17 2006, 05:07 PM
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In Danish the most common formal greeting is: “Goddag” (good day), but this has been cut down in different degrees in everyday language (Goda’, godaw, davs, da’), and the rule of thumb is, that the more truncated and distorted it is, the more informal.

The most common informal greeting is: “Hej” (hello/hi) which again has some variations, becoming more and more informal (hejsa, hej-hej)

This progression from formal to less formal in both words mean, that something like “davs” is more informal than “hej” (and a bit rustic to boot).

The formal word for good bye is: “Farvel” (farewell), but again in common parlance it often become corrupted and thus more informal (far-vel, farveller)

However the word “hej” and all its derivatives can also be used as good bye.

You can also say: “vi ses” (we’ll be seeing each other – or just: see’ya)

Greetings at different times of day:

In the morning (before 10 am): “Godmorgen” or just “‘morgen” (good morning)
Before noon (10-12 am): “God formiddag"
At lunchtime: ”God middag”
After lunch: “God eftermiddag” (good afternoon)
In the evening: ”God aften” or just “’aften”
At night (when one or both parties are heading to bed): “Godnat” (good night)


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Master
post Oct 17 2006, 05:40 PM
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QUOTE
"Ciao" (taken from Italian, I think)


We have that stuff too, BTW.


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"It is known that there are infinite number of worlds, simply because there is infinite amount of space for them to be in. However, not every one of them is inhabited. Therefore, there must be finite number of inhabited worlds. Any finite number divided by infinity is as near to nothing as makes no odds, so average population of all planets in Universe can be said to be zero. From this it follows that population of whole Universe is also zero, and that any people you may meet from time to time are merely products of deranged imagination."
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Bane
post Oct 17 2006, 06:55 PM
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We have lots of informal ones, some are even stolen from other languages (Hola, Bonjour) and here they are.

(Not all of 'em obviously, just the one's I can remember)

Hi,
Hiya,
Yo,
Hullo (Derived from Hello)
Alright,
Aiit (Pronounced Ah-Ight: Derived from Alright)
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Anna
post Oct 17 2006, 07:31 PM
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I guess, thanks to the fact that the english language is one of the most spread, words like "hi" are used almost everywhere
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Great_Evelyn
post Oct 18 2006, 06:11 PM
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Formal: in whole day Good morning (Dzien dobry) (but DZIEN means - day and DOBRY - good), and in the evening: Good evening! (Dobry wieczór)

(Between informal and formal: "Witam!" it means Welcome or "nice to see you" but literally "nice to see you" means: "miło cię widzieć" tounge.gif

Informal: "Hey", "Hi" (cześć - in english that would be uttered: "chests" (something like that, because you never would utter real polish version tounge.gif),

Very informal: "Siema" (it's abbrevation from "Się masz" ("jak się masz"), that is "how are you", but it's absolutely it's not question to person which we say 'hello' to.

smilehuge.gif


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post Oct 24 2006, 09:59 PM
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QUOTE (Anna @ Oct 17 2006, 02:51 PM)
..."Servus" (again, rather bavarian dialect; can also be used as "hello")...

Hungarian also has "szervusz." I guess these words derive from the same language.


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